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Climate & Geography


Tanzania has a tropical climate. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20°C (50 and 68°F) during the cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling below 20°C (68°F).

The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31°C/77–87.8°F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20°C/59–68°F).

The March – May rains are referred to as the long rains or Masika, whereas the October – December rains are known as short rains or Vuli.


Geographic coordinates: 6°00′S 35°00′E
Total landmass including Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar Islands: 945,087 km²
Main land mass: 886,037 km²
Land boundaries: 3,402 km
Border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km, Dem. Rep. of the Congo 473 km
Coastline: 1,424 km
Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
Topography: Plains along coast; central plateau and lake region, the Great Escarpment land fault, which travels through the country from Northern Africa to Zimbabwe; mountainous highlands in the north and south.
Elevation extremes;
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0m
Highest point: Mount Kilimanjaro 5,895amsl (above mean sea level)

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